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1 edition of Rice production in the Tarai of Kosi zone, Nepal found in the catalog.

Rice production in the Tarai of Kosi zone, Nepal

Rice production in the Tarai of Kosi zone, Nepal

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Published by International Rice Research Institute in Manila .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementJ.C. Flinn... [et al.].
SeriesIRRI research paper series -- No.54
ContributionsFlinn, J. C.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14192427M

  Abstract. Nepal is an agrarian country located in the Southeast Asian region with unique climate and geographical features. There are three geographical regions in the country: (a) mountain, (b) hill, and (c) plain (termed as himal, pahad, and tarai in the Nepali language) with distinct cropping patterns. Limited land in the hill and mountain regions is farm-friendly due to their topography. Koshi (Nepali: कोशी अञ्चल Listen (help info)) was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restruction of zones to headquarters of Koshi Zone was Biratnagar which was also its largest city. Other cities of Koshi Zone were Inaruwa, Dharan, Dhankutta,jhumka,Duhabi and Itahari.

and , paddy rice production during the same period increased by %. About 84% of the rice-production growth has been attributed to modern farming technologies that have produced semi-dwarf, early-maturing rice varieties that can be planted up to three times per year and are re-sponsive to nitrogen fertilizers.9,10 These new rice. Sunrise over the rice fields in Terai, Nepal Bicycle on the banks of the Bicycle on the banks of the Kosi or Koshi River, Terai region, Nepal, Asia Sunrise over the rice fields in Terai, Nepal Bardia. Bheri Zone. Terai. Nepal. Budhi Rapti River as seen from a hotel in Sauraha, Nepal. Elder Local Man Cleaning Fish Pond in.

Rapti Zone (Nepali: राप्ती अञ्चल Listen (help info)) was one of the fourteen zones, located in the Mid-Western Development Region of was named after the West Rapti River which drains Rolpa, Pyuthan and part of Dang districts. The remainder of Dang and part of Salyan district are drained by the remainder of Salyan and all of Rukum districts are.   In India, the rice-based cropping system is a major food production system with rice as the first food crop. The cereal-based cropping system is low-yielding and highly nutrient exhaustive resulting in the declining of soil fertility. Summer/pre kharif fallowing leaves on the land fallow for entire season and production of the cropping system is declined.


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Rice production in the Tarai of Kosi zone, Nepal Download PDF EPUB FB2

As previously stated, rice is the major crop in Nepal. It is grown in three agro-ecological zones, namely the Terai, mid-hills and high hills. About three-quarters of the total rice area is located in the flat plains of Terai.

The mid-hills and high hills occupy only about 23 and 2 percent, respectively, of the country's rice. Introduction Rice ((Oryza sativa L.), Maize (Zea mays L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) are the major cereal crops in Nepal accounting for over 96 % of all food cereal production in Nepal [1].

Ecologically, Nepal is divided into three zones, Terai (Plain), hills and by: 7. to promote fi ne and aromatic rice production in Nepal. The government had set target of extending area under fi ne and aromatic rice in hectares in fi scal year / There are more than rice mills in Mechi and Koshi zones.

Most of them are involved in importing and packaging rice under different brands. There are seven big flour mills in Koshi. Laxman Tapadia, a rice mill operator, said rising rice imports have hit local mill operators.

bordering Terai of Nepal lack surplus rice for exports but zones and proximity maintained by farmers in their production systems. This book aims to document the importance of traditional.

• Rice crop is cultivated under different production environments (irrigated, rain fed and upland) and ecological regions (Terai, Inner Terai, Hills and Mountains) of Nepal. • Some of the popular rice varieties among farmers are Radha-4, Radha, Sabitri, Bindeswori, Hardinath-1 in Terai, Khumal-4, Khumal, Chainung in mid-hills Rice production in the Tarai of Kosi zone.

Nepal is broadly divided into three agro-ecological zones: Terai (from Indo-Gangetic Plains up to m altitudes), mid-hills (–1, m) and high hills (above 1, m). Terai, where about 38 % of the land is cultivated, covers 23 % of the total geographic area of the country, i.e.,km 2. Mid-hills, where 15 % of the land is.

In Nepal, the affected agro-ecological zone of Terai (plains) is the country's grain basket, accounting for over 70 per cent of the total production of rice, the basic staple.

Though water levels have receded from the second week of August, thousands of hectares of agricultural land have been destroyed at the peak of the planting season. Volume 7, Issue 3, JunePagesIN1-IN4,IN5-IN7, Landslides, floods, and droughts are recurring natural disasters in Nepal related to too much or too little water.

The summer monsoon contributes more than 80% of annual rainfall, and rainfall spatial and inter-annual variation is very high. The Gandaki River, one of the three major rivers of Nepal and one of the major tributaries of the Ganges River, covers all agro-ecological zones in the.

responsible for the variation of agricultural production [6]. Paddy (Oryza sativa L.) is the most important cereal, both in terms of cultivated area (taking on average 46 percent of total cereal cultivated area) and in terms of production. Paddy Siddhartha and Vaskar, NepalNepalBL Nepal - Nepal - The economy: Landlocked, lacking substantial resources for economic development, and hampered by an inadequate transportation network, Nepal is one of the least developed nations in the world.

The economy is heavily dependent on imports of basic materials and on foreign markets for its forest and agricultural products. Nepal imports essential commodities, such as fuel. The Hilly Region. The hilly region lies in the central part of Nepal and is less developed than the Terai but more developed than Himalaya.

South of the Himalayan Mountain Region lies the complex zone of hills, valleys, basins and low tablelands of varying altitude and magnitude. Once an exporter of rice, Nepal now has a food deficit. Over 80 percent of the population is involved in agriculture, which constitutes 41 percent of GDP.

The seasonal nature of farming leads to widespread underemployment, but programs to grow cash crops and encourage cottage industries have had some success over the years. ByDhanusha belonged to the administrative zone Janakpur, which in turn belonged to the development region center.

The first President of the Republic of Nepal Ram Baran Yadav is the origin from the district. Dhanusha is located in the south of the country (Terai) on the border with India.

The district capital is Janakpur. The Terai or Tarai (Hindi: तराई Nepali: तराइ) is a lowland region in northern India and southern Nepal that lies south of the outer foothills of the Himalayas, the Sivalik Hills, and north of the Indo-Gangetic lowland belt is characterised by tall grasslands, scrub savannah, sal forests and clay rich northern India, the Terai spreads from the Yamuna River.

KATHMANDU, 21 March (IRIN) - Development assistance on its own will not resolve chronic levels of food insecurity in Nepal's western Karnali Zone, described by. Similarly, [15] stated that Nepal has already faced the adverse effects of climate change on rice production in the Terai region.

The average temperature during rice production has already crossed the threshold level and increased further. Even the rate of rice production for the last two decades was % per year, which was less than required.

Nepal’s most important crop (Ghimire et al., ). Rice is produced mainly in the Terai1 region and contributes to the livelihood of a majority of farm households in the area.

However, growth in production has been low at per cent per year over the last two decades. Some 70 per cent of total rice produced is used for home consumption. Terai is a low land region containing some hill ranges.

Looking out for its coverage, it covers 19% of the total area of Nepal. The Terai (also spelled Tarai) region begins at the Indian border and includes the southernmost part of the flat, intensively farmed Gangetic Plain called the Outer the 19th century, timber and other resources were being exported to India.

In the Terai, production was sufficient for about eighteen months. Health and education facilities are generally inadequate. At present, only about 19% of the population are literate. The major objectives of the agricultural development efforts of His Majesty's Government of Nepal (HMGN) are to raise agricultural production, to.Technical Efficiency of Nepalese Rice Seed Growers in the Tarai Region of Nepal KHANAL Narayan Prasad and MAHARJAN Keshav Lall Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University, Japan Abstract Technical efficiency measures the performance of farmers in managing resources in the given technology.

Subsidized rice. Rice grown in the Terai, Nepal’s southern agricultural heartland, is often unaffordable due to transportation costs.

According to recent market indicators, a kilo of coarse rice which costs the equivalent of 41 US cents in Kathmandu, can cost three times that amount in mountain markets of Dolpa District without road access.